Debate 2018

(R)evolution@Work

Following the success of our first two editions, the P&V Foundation organised a new conference-debate around the theme of work (and its future), the influence of robotization / computerization, the consequences for (groups of) young people.

This year the debate took place on June 13, 2018 at Bozar, Brussels.

 

The theme

The robots are coming. More than that, they are already here, which brings many specialists to have a rather dark vision of the future of work. No researcher agrees on the number of jobs that will disappear in the coming years due to robotization and automation.

The pessimistic vision announced by Carl Frey and Michael Osborne, two Oxford researchers (2014), about a job loss estimated at 47%, is doubted by other researchers who say that it does not go so fast in the sense where only parts of certain jobs will be automated, or other researchers who focus primarily on the jobs that will be created by automation. What is certain is that robotization and automation will have major consequences for the future labor market.

Even if (all) the jobs will not disappear, some groups will suffer the consequences. Although the work of highly skilled employees may also be at stake, and particularly when it comes to routine work, it is likely to be those with only secondary education or below, who will be particularly vulnerable and affected by these changes.

There already seems to be a tendency towards the polarization of work. The demand for cerebral and routine work is decreasing, while the demand for highly qualified and (to a lesser extent) poorly qualified work is increasing. People from higher education seem to benefit from the computer revolution. This can lead to a "downward shift" in which the middle sector competes with the lower sector of the labor market. This displacement therefore threatens a society in which the work will be distributed even less equitably and where the highly educated can still improve their social position. This growing inequality can be a big danger to social cohesion in society, according to some researchers.


The debate on the influence of automation and robotization could therefore not only focus on the degree of reduction of work, but also on its influence on the organization and quality of work (always existing, reformed or created) , the potential inequalities that go with it, and the social measures needed to remedy these inequalities.The income inequality generated could be (partially) reduced by existing institutions and social security schemes, although some question the extent to which this will be possible in the future and consider it urgent to redesign redistribution and taxation systems.


Concerning the quality of work and the certainty of having a job, the institutions are insufficiently adapted. New technologies would lead to the emergence of flexible working methods, to which younger and less educated people are more exposed. This change can lead to higher insecurity and (work) stress, less social protection, fewer opportunities for workplace training, ... fewer opportunities for some of the less educated youth to improve their skills. quality of life (in terms of housing, family, health, pension, ...). Others argue that newly created jobs are not suitable for those who have lost their jobs, so there is a major mismatch between the current skills of some groups of employees and the education offered on the one hand, and labor market of the future on the other hand.
 

Through our third debate, we wanted to answer the following questions:

• How to create an "Inclusive Society" for young people and ensure that the robot does not undermine the cohesion of society?

• What will we do for young people who will find themselves in the flexible work circuit in a sustainable way or who will no longer be able to participate?

What opportunities of training can we give to young people on and off their job?

• What can we do to ensure that the benefits of digitization are shared as widely as possible among all segments of the population?

• How can we ensure that the huge profits that will be made in certain sectors / businesses do not lead to more polarization but can be used to an equal redistribution?

The speakers

Bas ter Weel
Bas ter Weel has been Managing Director of SEO Economic Research since September 2016. He is also Professor of Economics at the University of Amsterdam. Previously, he was Vice President of the Central Planning Board and Professor of Economics at the University of Amsterdam. Maastricht. He has years of experience as a scientist, researcher, supervisor and advisor. His expertise is recognized in the areas of the labor market, flexibilisation, social security and education, as well as in the fields of innovation and technology,international relations and financial business.

Bas ter Weel manages ambitious and complex research projects commissioned by the Dutch government, international organizations, and the business community. Research into new developments, such as the influence of robotization on the future of work, the skills needed in the future, or the possibilities and dangers of flexibilisation, are part of his field.

Bas ter Weel publishes regularly in scientific journals in collaboration with renowned scientific researchers. His most famous work, in collaboration with Nobel laureate James Heckman, was in the area of ​​early child development and the importance of non-cognitive skills for socio-economic success. In addition, he published in the field of (social) innovation and the effects of ICTs on the labor market.
In addition to his work at SEO, Bas ter Weel also has a number of additional positions. He is, among others, a member of the Economic and Social Council (SER), a supervisor of the PCBO School in Apeldoorn, a board member of the Royal Dutch State Economics Association (KVS) and co-editor of De Economist. He is also a researcher at the Tinbergen Institute, IZA (Bonn), ROA, INS (Maastricht) and SKOPE.
 

 

Monique Dagnaud

Monique Dagnaud is CNRS Research Director at the Marcel Mauss Institute. She teaches at the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales; She teaches in the INA master's degree program and was a lecturer at the Institut d'Etudes Politiques de Paris from 1977 to 2008. She was a member of the Conseil Superieur de l'Audiovisuel from 1991 to 1999 and was a member the Supervisory Board of the Le Monde Group from 2005 to 2010.

Her research focuses on communication. She has tackled through articles or books almost all the aspects that concern the sociology of the media, especially from the angle of regulation. She is also interested in the culture of adolescents and post-adolescents. She has done a lot of research on young people, their cultural practices and their difficulties of integration into contemporary society. In 2001, she carried out a general assessment of the work on culture and the way of life of 15-24 year olds; she conducted research on the social and educational environment of juvenile delinquents who committed serious acts (research conducted with Sébastien Roché in 2002); and she also conducted a survey of cultural practices, including festive practices, for 18-24 year olds. Since 2008, she has been exploring the anthropological mutation introduced by the networked society, observing first and foremost the new generations, while Internet use is maturing. This work was the subject of a book published in 2011 published by Sciences Po under the title "Generation Y, young people and social networks: derision to subversion". A new, expanded edition of this book was published in January 2013.

Her last book called: «Le modèle Californien, comment l’esprit collaboratif change le monde» was published in 2016. In this book, she explores the effects and consequences of the collaborative economy born in California, the place where a new model of society and another political imaginary are invented. Based on collaboration and sharing, valuing innovation, entrepreneurship and association, this new society offers the rest of the world the image of a possible future. Nonetheless, it also draws attention to the potential dangers of the collaborative economy, which is essentially set up by highly educated young people.

Monique Dagnaud regularly writes for two websites : Telos-eu et Slate.fr and she is active in various associations fighting for young people's integration.

Debate

These speakers will then be confronted with the diverse perspectives of Jean-Claude Daoust, a committed entrepreneur and visionary man,president of the brand of administration Daoust interim and of Jochanan Eynikel, a business philosopher and expert of human centered thinking entrepreneurship and of future in Etion (Forum for engaged Entrepreneurship), author of "Robot aan het stuur" (Robot at the wheel). Then they will answer questions from the public.
 

The debate was moderated by Béatrice Delvaux from Le Soir and Han Renard from the Knack.

Program

The 13th of June at 6pm at the Palais des Beaux-Arts in BrusselsRue Ravenstein 23, 1000 Bruxelles. Attention: entrance via Rue Baron Horta behind the Cinematek.

18h: welcome drinks and sandwiches

18h30 : introduction by Olivier Servais, president of the P&V Foundation.

18h45 : Presentations of the speakers

19h45 : debate overviewed by Béatrice Delvaux from Le Soir and Han Renard from Knack

21h : end of the conference, drinks. 

Simultaneous translations French - Dutch.

Press  review

Discover here all the articles published about our conference!

Partners of the event

 

                 

 


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The winners of the call for projects "My Future, Our Society"

 

A call for collective action

Only 16% of young adults still rely on politics and collective solutions to help them solve their problems or realize their dreams, while the rest rely much more on themselves, their family and a portion of luck.

In 2016, the P&V Foundation launched a call for projects: "My Future, Our Society" aimed to organizations working with and for youngsters. The aim is to show youngsters the positive outcome of working together with other young people while keeping a constant dialogue with other actors, including the public authorities, for the realization of a concrete project, or to solve daily problems. The call for projects is also a means to stimulate the actions of political institutions concerning the wishes and daily problems of youngsters.

On Tuesday, May 23, 2017, during its annual conference, the P&V Foundation announced the eight winners of the call for projects  "My Future, Our Society". Four Dutch-speakers and four French-speakers were selected after an intensive selection process. They now receive financial support from the P&V Foundation to set up their project over a period of one year and a half.

Selection procedure

The winners were subjected to a rigorous selection procedure. After an initial selection, the P&V Foundation invited representatives of the 32 most promising projects to an Expert Day in Brussels. The teams were able to present their projects, defend and refine them following the meeting with the "experts" present. Subsequently, a jury selected the eight winners, four Dutch-speakers and four French-speakers. They now obtain scholarships between 10,000 and 50,000 euros, according to the budget requested by each project.

The winner teams have until the end of 2018 to carry out their projects. Each project will be closely monitored and supported by the P&V Foundation, through expert advice and meetings. Towards the beginning of 2019, the P&V Foundation will organize a closing event where the winners will present their project, the results and the knowledge gained.

The winners (the order of presentation is random)

ADES 2.0 (Brussels)

                                                                        
ADES 2.0 is an initiative of the ADES (Ecological and Social Democratic Alternatives) network, which aims to offer a place where youngsters can meet and develop new ideas around three key values: collective action, conviviality and solidarity (repair coffee, debates organisation, etc.). With ADES 2.0, the network wants to add a "project incubator" for all young people.

 

  • Contact: Jérôme Van Ruychevelt, www.reseauADES.net, contact@ resauADES.net.

 

J100 (Antwerp)

                                                      

There is no single "type" of the youngster from Antwerp. Each youth organization in the city has its own individuality, its network of volunteers and its specific target audience. With their "J100" project, Antwerp youth organizations want to strengthen the position of young people in the city by giving them a voice. Young people dream of a cabin in the trees that could symbolize their ideas. This hut will bring together all the young people of "J100" and will allow them to invite political decision-makers to dialogue with them after the communal elections. After the elections, this hut will be the unique place where all young Antwerpers can come and continue to dream.

IN THE PRESS

 

A collective kitchen garden from the youth house of Jalhay-Sart (Spa region)

                                                                                   


Through its project of a collective kitchen garden, the youth house of Jalhay-Sart wants to open its garden to all those who want to actively engage in the community life of Jalhay-Sart. All generations of people living in the area are invited to maintain the vegetable garden and to harvest - literally - the fruits of their work. The planned collaborations with artists in the kitchen garden also make it a pleasant meeting place in which new ideas can be brought to life.

IN THE PRESS

 

Vlaams-Brabant met Cachet

                                                                          
Cachet is an association that aims to take care of every child and every young person. The heart of Cachet's activity is the creation of meetings between and by young people who have had an experience in the youth aid system. In this way, a network is built and allows young people to find their way. In addition to the networks in Brussels, Antwerp, Mechelen and Limburg, Cachet aspires to set up a regional branch in the Flemish Brabant following the request of the young people of this region. Through this new network, they want to bring to light the needs, desires and dreams of these young people with a difficult past, to attract the attention of policy-makers, politicians and society as a whole.
 

 

Maroll's (Brussels)

                                                          
Maroll's is a socio-educational project carried out by the Marolles Scout Unit and it is intended for a vulnerable public and their families. Between their first experience 8 years ago and today they have gone from 15 young people to 70 youngsters from 6 to 18 years old. With the ultimate aim of passing the torch on to the local youth, today's scout leaders want to take their 16-18-year-olds to Greece on a cooperative farm for a volunteer stay. They will have renovated a minibus before they can travel and organized a music festival in their neighborhood to get acquainted and encourage other young people and their families to be part of their movement.

 

Mayor@YourTown (Flanders)

                                                               

With the help of young people and local authorities, the organisation [ew32] created a unique project launched in four Flemish cities (Ninove, Diest, Sint-Niklaas, Bornem). This game aims to answer the question "what would you do if you were the mayor of your city"? Armed with digital tablets, the participating youngsters walk around the city and meet various local public services and organisations. Each successful mission allows young people to receive an amount they can then invest in local projects.

IN THE PRESS

 

Je Mène à (Malmédy)

                                                                

At the age of 18, unaccompanied foreign minors (MENA) have to leave the Belgian refugee centrums with little or no supervision at all. This is why the organisation "Couleur Café", located in Malmédy, wants to offer these youngsters better future prospects. Through workshops and projects created to raise public awareness on their situation, young people will be able to think and act together to take their lives in charge.

IN THE PRESS

 

"De Put" (Bruges-North)

                                                                          

Last year in 2016, some young people from Bruges-North decided to build their own secret youth house as a creative response to the lack of youth centers in their neighborhood. Named "De Vrienden van De Put" (Friends of the Hole), they were quickly discovered by the local authorities. Fortunately, their story does not end there and thanks to the media attention they received, and the P&V Foundation grant, young people will create this summer a temporary meeting place with local youth. Hoping to be able to settle in a permanent space later!

IN THE PRESS

 

 

 


(R)evolution@Work - the new debate from the P&V Foundation

Following the success of our first two editions, the P&V Foundation organised a new conference-debate around the theme of work (and its future), the influence of robotization / computerization, the consequences for (groups of) young people.

This year the debate took place on June 13, 2018 at Bozar, Brussels.

The robots are coming. More than that, they are already there, which brings many specialists to have a rather dark vision of the future of work. No researcher agrees on the number of jobs that will disappear in the coming years due to robotization and automation. The debate on the influence of automation and robotization could therefore not only focus on the degree of reduction of work, but also on its influence on the organization and quality of work (always existing, reformed or created) , the potential inequalities that come with them and the social measures needed to put an end to these inequalities.

 

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